The BP Technology Outlook examines the potential of technology to change the way we produce and use energy to 2050. It draws on a series of studies carried out over three years by BP and eight partners in universities and research institutes, using a combination of fundamental analysis and energy system modelling to produce insights into long-term trends. It examines three regions, China, Europe and North America, which together account for more than 50% of the world’s primary energy consumption but have very different energy systems. It is designed to inform thinking in business, governments, academia and beyond.
The research undertaken for this edition, carried out during 2015-17*, has been expanded to include deeper studies of important areas, including:
• Energy-system modelling of a lower-carbon future
• The costs of providing back-up for wind and solar power when used at scale
• Options for energy storage, particularly advanced batteries and their implications for electric vehicles and power grids
• Air quality in cities, examining sources of emissions and potential solutions.Download Report